Preventing Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs in some pregnant women. At least 2% of expectant mothers suffer from this condition. Like other diabetes types, gestational diabetes makes you body cells utilize sugar in a different way. If you have gestational diabetes, you are at risk of affecting your own and your baby’s health.
Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes
Unlike other types of this condition, gestational diabetes does not usually have noticeable symptoms. In some cases, gestational diabetes may cause the woman to be excessively thirsty and have an increased urge to urinate -the latter of which is very normal to pregnant ladies.
Gestational Diabetes Risk Factors
While any woman has a risk of developing gestational diabetes, some women have a higher risk of getting it. Risk factors include:
Age 25 and higher. women aged 25 and above have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.
Health history. If you have a history of increased blood sugar level, you have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes. Moreover, if your parent or any of your siblings has type 2 diabetes, then you are more likely to have gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes can also re-occur,so if you have had it on your previous pregnancy, or you have delivered a 9-pound (or more) baby, then your risks go up a notch or two higher.
Overweight. Overweight mothers are more likely to develop this condition, so check with your doctor if your Body Mass Index is 30 or higher.
High-risk race. Expectant women who are Hispanic, American Indian, black, or Asian have higher risk of having gestational diabetes.
How to Prevent Gestational Diabetes
The ways of preventing gestational diabetes are similar to the things you do to avoid diabetes in general:
Eat a healthy diet. eating healthy foods can help prevent gestational diabetes.If you are pregnant and you think you are at a higher risk of having this condition, you have to make sure your diet consists of high fiber foods that are low in calories and fat. Try to eat mostly fruits and veggies and a lot of whole grains.
Stay active. Doing regular exercise before and while you are pregnant lowers your risk. A modeate 30-minute activity a few days a week would be beneficial, but remember not to strain yourself too much.
Lose excess pounds. While doctors do not recommend dieting and weight loss while you are pregnant, you can shed off the pounds BEFORE conceiving. So,if you are planning to go pregnant, losing some extra pounds may help ensure a healthy pregnancy.